These are the types of maths questions that children aged 9 to 10 in year 6, should be able to answer. Clickable resources not ready yet.
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

Number  6N2  Read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10,000,000 

6N3  Determine the value of each digit in numbers up to 10,000,000 

6N4  Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy 

6N5  Use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero 

6N6  Solve number problems and practical problems that involve 6N26N5 

CALCULATIONS (+, –, ÷, ×) 
6C3  Use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy 

6C4  Solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why 

6C5  Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers 

6C6  Perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers 

6C7a  Multiply multidigit numbers up to 4 digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication 

6C7b  Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a twodigit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context 

6C7c  Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context 

6C8  Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division 

6C9  Use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

FRACTIONS  6F2  Use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination 

6F3  Compare and order fractions, including fractions >1 

6F4  Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions 

6F5a  Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form [eg: ¼ × ½= ⅛] 

6F5b  Divide proper fractions by whole numbers [eg: ⅓ ÷ 2 = ⅙] 

6F6  Associate a fraction with division to calculate decimal fraction equivalents (eg: 0.375) for a simple fraction [eg: ⅜ ] 

6F9a  Identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 giving answers up to three decimal places 

6F9b  Multiply onedigit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers 

6F9c  Use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to twodecimal places 

6F10  Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy 

6F11  Recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts 

Ratio and proportion  6R1  Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities, where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts 

6R2  Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [eg: of measures such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison 

6R3  Solve problem involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found 

6R4  Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples 

ALGEBRA  6A1  Express missing number problems algebraically 

6A2  Use simple formulae 

6A3  Generate and describe linear number sequences 

6A4  Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns 

6A5  Enumerate possibilities of combinations of two variables 

MEASUREMENT  6M5  Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation of up to three decimal places 

6M6  Convert between miles and kilometres  
6M7a  Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa 

6M7b  Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles 

6M7c  Recognise when it is possible to use the formulae for the area of shapes 

6M8a  Calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including centimetre cubed (cm³) and cubic metres (m³), and extending to other units [eg: mm³ and km³] 

6M8b  Recognise when it is possible to use the formulae for the volume of shapes 

6M9  Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate 

GEOMETRY:Properties of shapes  6G2a  Compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes 

6G2b  Describe simple 3D shapes 

6G3a  Draw 2D shapes using given dimensions and angles 

6G3b  Recognise and build simple 3D shapes,including making nets 

6G4a  Find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals and regular polygons 

6G4b  Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles 

6G5  Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius 

GEOMETRY position and direction  6P2  Draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes 

6P3  Describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants) 

STATISTICS  6S1  Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems 

6S3  Calculate and interpret the mean as an average 