Children aged 9 to 10 in year 5 should be able to answer these maths questions. Clickable resources only partially ready.
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

NUMBER  5N1  Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000 

5N2  Read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1,000,000 

5N3a  Determine the value of each digit in numbers up to 1 000 000 

5N3b  Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals. 
Chart  
5N4  Round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 and 100,000 

5N5  Interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero 

5N6  Solve number problems and practical problems that involve 5N15N5 

CALCULATIONS (+, –, ÷, ×) 
5C1  Add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers 

5C2  Add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction) 

5C3  Use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy 

5C4  Solve addition and subtraction multistep problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why 

5C5a  Identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number and common factors of two numbers 

5C5b  Know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (nonprime) numbers 

5C5c  Establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall prime numbers up to 19 

5C5d  Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (²) and cubed (³) 

5C6a  Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts 

5C6b  Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000 

5C7a  Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one or twodigit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two digit numbers 

5C7b  Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a onedigit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context 

5C8a  Solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes 

5C8b  Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals sign 

5C8c  Solve problems involving multiplication and division including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

FRACTIONS  5F2a  Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other; write mathematical statements >1 as a mixed number [eg: ⅖ + ⅘ = 1 ⅕ ] 

5F2b  Identify name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths 

5F3  Compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number 

5F4  Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number 

5F5  Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams 

5F6a  Read and write decimal numbers as fractions [eg: 0.71 = 71 ⁄ 100] 

5F6b  Recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents 

5F7  Round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place 

5F8  Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places 

5F10  Solve problems involving numbers up to three decimal places 

5F11  Recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to 'number of parts per hundred'; write percentages as a fraction with denominator hundred, and as a decimal. 

5F12  Solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½ , ¼ , ⅕ , ⅖ , ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25 

MEASUREMENT  5M4  Solve problems involving converting between units of time. 

5M5  Convert between different units of metric measure [eg: kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre] 

5M6  Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints 

5M7a  Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres 

5M7b  Calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm^{2}) and square metres (m^{2}) and estimate the area of irregular shapes 

5M8  Estimate volume [eg: using 1cm³ blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [eg:using water] 

5M9a  Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [money] using decimal notation,including scaling  
5M9b  Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [eg: length] using decimal notation,including scaling 

5M9c  Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [eg: mass] using decimal notation, including scaling. 

5M9d  Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [eg: volume] using decimal notation, including scaling 

GEOMETRY properties of shapes  5G2a  Use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles 

5G2b  Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles 

5G3b  Identify 3D shapes including cubes and other cuboids, from 2D representations 

5G4a  Know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles 

5G4b  Identify:


5G4C  Draw given angles and measure them in degrees (°) 

GEOMETRY position and direction  5P2  Identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed 

STATISTICS  5S1  Complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables 

STATISTICS  5S2  Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph 