These are the types of maths questions that children aged 5 to 6 in year 1, should be able to answer. Click on the resources to see sample questions.
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

NUMBER  1N1a  Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number. 

1N1b  Count in multiples of twos, fives and tens. 

1N2a  Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals. 

1N2b  Given a number, identify one more and one less 

1N2c  Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words 

1N4  Identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

CALCULATIONS (+, –, ÷, ×) 
1C1  Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20. 

1C2a  Add and subtract onedigit and twodigit numbers to 20, including zero 

1C2b  Read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs 

1C4  Solve onestep problems that involve + and –, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ⬜ – 9 

1C8  Solve onestep problems involving '×' and '÷', by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with teacher support 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

FRACTIONS  1F1a  Recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity 

1F1b  Recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity. 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

MEASUREMENT  1M1  Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:


1M2  Measure and begin to record the following:


1M3  Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes 

1M4a  Tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. 

1M4b  Sequence events in chronological order using language such as: before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening 

1M4c  Recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years 
Strand  Ref  Know how to  e.g. 

GEOMETRY shape properties 
1G1a  Recognise and name common 2D (e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles) 

1G1b  Recognise and name common 3D shapes, (e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres) 

GEOMETRY position/direction 
1P2  Describe position, directions and movements, including half, quarter and threequarter turns 
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