Key stage 2 English, year 3 and 4 New Curriculum

Everything you need to know for Key Stage 2 English in year 3 and year 4. Click on the resources to see sample questions.


Strand Ref Know how to e.g.
READING Words 34RW1

You should use your knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes shown here, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words you meet

  34RW2

Read more 'exception' words, which don't follow the usual link between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.

 
READING
Comprehension
34RC1

You should:

  • listen to and talk about a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • read books that are structured in different ways and read for a range of purposes
  • use dictionaries to check the meaning of words that you have read
  • increase your familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths and legends, and retell some of these yourself orally
  • notice themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing your understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action
  • discuss words and phrases that capture your interest and imagination
  • recognise some different forms of poetry (e.g. free verse, narrative poetry)

  34RC2

Understand what you read in books by:

  • checking that the text makes sense to you, discuss your understanding and explain the meaning of words in context
  • asking questions to improve your understanding of a text
  • making connections between what a character does and their feelings, thoughts and motives, and justifying these with evidence, predicting what might happen
  • noticing main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarising these
  • noticing how language, structure, and presentation contribute to meaning

  34RC3

Retrieve and record information from non-fiction

 
  34RC4

Take part in discussion about books that are read to you and those you can read for yourself, taking turns and listening to what others say.

 
Strand Ref Know how to e.g.
WRITING Transcription 34WT1

You should know how to:

  • use prefixes and suffixes and understand how to add them - See here.
  • spell homophones (Words that sound alike but with different meanings and spellings like been and bean) See Glossary
  • spell words that are often misspelt.
    See spelling
  • use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary
  • write from memory simple sentences, spoken by your teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far.
WRITING Handwriting 34WH1

Use the diagonal and horizontal strokes that are needed to join letters and understand which letters, when next to one another, are best left unjoined

34WH2

Increase the legibility, consistency and quality of your handwriting,

  • by ensuring that the downstrokes (descenders) of letters are parallel and equidistant;
  • that lines of writing are spaced sufficiently so that the upstrokes and downstrokes of letters do not touch

 
WRITING
Composition
34WC1

Plan your writing by:

  • talking about similar writing, so you can understand and learn from its structure, grammar and vocabulary
  • discussing and recording ideas

Draft and write by:

  • composing and rehearsing sentences orally (including dialogue), progressively building a varied and rich vocabulary and an increasing range of sentence structures (See grammar )
  • organising paragraphs around a theme
  • in stories, create settings, characters and plot
  • in non-narrative material, using simple organisational devices such as headings and sub-headings

Evaluate and edit by:

  • assessing the effectiveness of your own and others' writing and suggesting improvements
  • proposing changes to grammar and vocabulary to improve consistency, e.g. the accurate use of pronouns in sentences
  • proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors
  • read your own writing aloud to a group or the whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.

  • Narrative and non-narratives.
    WRITING
    Vocabulary, Grammar, Punctuation
    34WVGP1

    Develop your understanding of the concepts in grammar by:

    • extending the range of sentences with more than one clause by using a wider range of conjunctions, e.g. when, if, because, although
    • using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
    • choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately for clarity and cohesion
    • choosing nouns or pronouns appropriately within a sentence to avoid ambiguity and repetition
    • using conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause
    • using fronted adverbials
    • learning the grammar of word structure in grammar

      34WVGP2

    Indicate grammatical and other features by:

    • using commas after fronted adverbials
    • indicating possession by using the possessive apostrophe with singular and plural nouns
    • using and punctuating direct speech
     
      3WVGP3

    Use and understand the grammatical terminology in grammar accurately and appropriately when discussing their writing and reading.

     

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